Tibet is an autonomous region and a plateau located in the Himalayan region of Asia. It has a land area of 1.22 million square kilometers, and a population of 2.3 million. Tibet is commonly known as The Roof of the World, or The Third Pole on Earth, situated at an elevation about 4000 meters. It is It is populated by the Tibetan people and also more other ethnic groups like Monpas, Qiang, Lhobas, Menba, Luoba, Han, Hui, Mouggul, Nasi, Cheng and Sharba.
Human activities of Tibet have been traced to the end of the Paleolithic age. The first King of Tibet was Songzangarbu. Tibetan Dynasty was established in the 7th century as a unified Tibet. This dynasty weaved matrimonial relations with the Tang Dynasty in the 7th and 8th centuries. During the 13th century, Tibet became the Yuan Dynasty. The Gedanpozang government was confirmed by the Qing Dynasty, and established during the rule of the 5th Dalai Lama. After the 1911 revolution, administrative agencies were set up in Tibet by the Government of the Peoples Republic of China. It was declared as an independent in 1913. Amdo and Kham were in the marginalized political structure. The region is controlled by the People Republic of China as an autonomous region. The major leaders of Tibet are still exiled in foreign countries.
The tourism industry is flourishing in the recent years due to its strength in diverse natural heritages, cultural practices and pilgrimage destinations. Even the monsoon is the best visiting season because it is located in the Himalayan rain shadow area. The Tibetan economy is primarily based on agriculture. Tibetan Buddhism is the dominant religion and the other known as Bon. Muslim and Christians are in small numbers. The social practices, arts and architectures are highly influenced by the Indian and Chinese societies,
The Plateaus of Tibet are the worlds highest summit resides in Tibets Himalayas near the China/Nepal border and claims an astonishing height of 8,848 meters above sea level. The climate on the plateaus greatly differs between heights, day and night. The North is arid and cold. In general, Tibet has low temperatures, long days, high UV indexes, infrequent rainfall and thin air.